Covid-19 pandemic will throw 150 million people into extreme poverty by 2021 – World Bank

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One hundred and fifty million people could possibly be thrown into extreme poverty by the top of 2021, wiping out greater than three years of progress in poverty discount, the World Bank introduced on Wednesday.

“This is the worst setback that we’ve witnessed in a generation,” mentioned Carolina Sánchez-Páramo, world director of the World Bank’s Poverty and Equity Global Practice.

Releasing its flagship biennial report on poverty and shared prosperity, the multilateral growth lender mentioned that a further 88 million to 115 million people will fall into extreme poverty – outlined as residing on lower than $1.90 a day -in 2020. The report mentioned this might develop to 111 million to 150 million by the top of 2021.

That would imply that 9.1-9.4% of the world’s inhabitants could be residing below extreme poverty this 12 months, about the identical as 2017’s 9.2% and representing the primary rise within the extreme poverty share in about 20 years.

The 2019 extreme poverty charge was estimated at about 8.4% and had been anticipated to drop to 7.5% by 2021 earlier than the coronavirus pandemic. The report mentioned that with out swift, substantial coverage actions, a longstanding purpose of chopping the speed to three% by 2030 appeared out of attain.

“The pandemic and global recession may cause over 1.4% of the world’s population to fall into extreme poverty,” World Bank President David Malpass mentioned in an announcement, calling it a “serious setback to development progress and poverty reduction.”

“The new poor are more urban, better educated and less likely to work in agriculture than those living in extreme poverty before Covid-19,” the World Bank mentioned in its report.

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Most of the world’s extraordinarily poor people stay in sub-Saharan Africa, which has made little progress in opposition to extreme poverty than different areas of the world over the previous three a long time.

Before the coronavirus pandemic, about 440 million of the continent’s inhabitants was in extreme poverty, a charge of almost 40%. That is projected to rise by as a lot as 480 million, or a charge of 42% this 12 months, as a result of covid-19 pandemic.

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